Kitchen Design Basics

What You Need to Know About Kitchen Design Basics.

If you want something done right, you need to plan every move that you have to make. Doing so will not only help you proceed seamlessly, but allow you to foresee possible problems so you can formulate the appropriate solutions. This means that if you want to renovate the cooking area of your home, you must never pursue it willy-nilly. Keep in mind that a remodeling project is no easy feat and neither is it cheap.

Even as simple as changing cabinet hinges and knobs has to follow a certain procedure and a small amount of planning, if you want it done correctly. Can you imagine what will happen if the hardware you purchased is not suitable to the overall theme of the cooking hub or fit the existing holes on the cabinet? You will end up wasting money, time, and effort needlessly. With that in mind, you should be familiar with the kitchen design basics before you start breaking down walls and shelves or changing the paint color.

Kitchen Design Basics

The Layouts

It wasn’t until 1950 that the work triangle theory was developed by Cornell researchers. This means that prior to that period, the food preparation nook has a design but without consideration to the traffic or the number of people who will be working in it. However, with more family members opting to help in preparing meals, especially during parties and occasions, emphasis was given to traffic patterns. Below are some of the well-known kitchen layouts.

  • U-Shaped

This is probably the most common and cost-effective design that a lot of homeowners adopt. It places appliances and work areas around three sides of the room with ample space for countertops. While it naturally encourages an efficient work triangle, it is more effective if the refrigerator is placed at the end of the counter. Also, the dishwasher must not be installed close to the corner as this will block access to lower cabinets. Another downside to this style is that two people at work would not be able to move freely within the set space. Nonetheless, it is perfect for home with limited floor area.

  • One Wall Galley

Among the list of layouts in kitchen design basics, this one does not adopt the work triangle theory because all the major work zones (refrigerator, sink, and stove/oven) are lined up along one wall. For it to be adequate, it must occupy 10 feet (3 meters) of wall area, with the longest continuous counter space stretching between the stove and sink. Its greatest advantage is that it is extremely cheap because you do not have to build more features than what are deemed necessary.

  • L-Shaped

Aside from the kitchen triangle it also allows room for a dining area. In this design, the worktops run along two adjacent walls. The reason it is very popular is that it simplifies the process of preparing, cooking, and cleaning up after meals. What is more, if you want the cooking area to connect or open up to the living room, this is the layout that you should use. Price-wise, it is more expensive than one-wall galley, but cheaper than U-shaped.

Aside from these, you can also use other layouts, such as Island, corridor or two wall galley, and G-shaped cooking hub.

Kitchen Design Basics

The Dimensions

Measurements play a major role in kitchen design basics because it helps pre-determine the kind of style that you can implement. Keep in mind that the amount of space that you can work on will influence the type of appliances and furnishings that you can install. You would not want your cooking hub to look crowded and cluttered, would you? For that reason, you must keep the following factors in mind:

  • There should be at least 16 inches of space between the sink or stove for efficient elbow room. Never place either features in the corner as this will restrict your movements significantly.
  • There should be 15 to 18 inches of counter space on one side of the oven. And, on either sides of the stove top, there should be 12 to 18 inches and 15 to 24 inches of counter space, respectively.
  • There should be 18 to 30 inches of counter top on one side of the sink and 24 to 36 on the other. Of course, this depends on the floor area that you can work on.
  • For a small kitchen, the cabinets must have at least 144 inches of frontage. But if you have more room, then the measurements can go up to 186 inches. Cabinetry built over the countertops must be 12-inch deep and 30-inch high, while base cupboards should be 21-inch deep.
  • There should be 15 to 18 inches of clearance between the worktop and the bottom of wall cabinets. This allows for efficient movement when you are switching from one cooking process to the next.


The Safety Features

It is true that house fires can originate from the cooking hub. That is why establishing preventive measures are a huge part of kitchen design basics. To ensure that you and your family are well-protected inside your home you must…

  • Place an extinguisher near or around the cooking area. A smoke alarm and carbon monoxide detector will also help in fire prevention.
  • Install ground fault circuit interrupters (GFCI) on all receptacles that are placed within 6 inches of water source. The device will automatically shut off when it gets wet, preventing the risk of electrocution.
  • Allow 15 inches of landing space above, below, or next to the microwave. Doing so will ensure that you do not get burned because you will have a place to put hot dishes.
  • Provide more than one waste bin for proper disposal. One should be designated for everyday trash, while another should be for storing recyclables. It is also imperative that waste is taken out of on a daily basis to maintain cleanliness.

There are other elements related to the kitchen design basics. By following them in your renovation plans, you will be able to create a cooking area that is not only functional, but aesthetically appealing as well.

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